The History of Oslo: Oslo’s Complete Guide and the Best Places to Visit

Located in the beautiful city of Oslo, I run a small restaurant that breaks with the charm of the old town, giving it Mediterranean freshness.

Italian by birth and Norwegian adoption, I feel like a citizen of the world. But I have to confess how much in love this city has me and that I present to you in my article today, I hope you like it as much as I do.

Oslo's Complete Guide and the Best Places to Visit

The history of Oslo, my favorite city

Oslo, the capital of Norway, is located on the south coast of the country at the head of the Oslo Fjord. It is famous for its green areas and museums. Many of these are located on the Bygd’yPeninsula, including the Norwegian Maritime Museum by the sea and the Oslo Viking Ship Museum, with ninth-century Viking vessels. Holmenkollbakken is a hill for ski jumping with panoramic view of the fjord. It also has a ski museum.

Oslo also has 2 adjacent museums in which the 19th-century polar exploration ship Fram and the Kon-Tiki,the raft of logs in which Thor Heyerdahl crossed the Pacific in 1947. The Norwegian People’s Museum has outdoor exhibits of daily life and architecture from the 16th century onwards. Restaurants, galleries and shops line the bayfront Aker Brygge neighborhood. The Oslo OperaHouse, a contemporary building shaped like an iceberg, is home to the country’s ballet and operacompanies. Vigeland Park is an outdoor sculpture park with 20th-century works by Gustav Vigeland, while among the works of the Munch Museum of the famous Norwegian painter.

Oslo's Complete Guide and the Best Places to Visit

What are the best Museums to visit?

  1. Fram Museum

This Museum is located on the island of Bygd’y,Oslo. It has as its main attraction the polar vessel Fram, built in 1892. The museum pays homage to Norwegian polar exploration and the three great Norwegian polar explorers Fridtjof Nansen, Otto Sverdrup and Roald Amundsen. The Fram ship shown is the original, with its interior intact. Visitors can enter the ship and observe it inside. The museum tells the story of Norwegian polar exploration, which is compared to the world’s history of research on polar regions. The museum also presents wildlife images of polar regions, such as polar bears and penguins. The museum was inaugurated on May 20, 1936.

  1. Norwegian People’s Museum

It is an open-air museum located in Bygd’ Oslo. This museum shows through 155 houses the history and culture of the different regions of Norway. There is also located the wooden church of Gol of the year 1200. The exhibitions include activities with the staff in their typical costume, bunad, typical dances, handicrafts and carriages.

  1. Holmenkolbakken Museum

It features the world’s largest ski jumping platform. It is named after the mountain“Hollmenkollen”on which it is located. It hosted the 1952 Winter Olympics and the FSI Nordic World Ski Championships in 1930, 1966, 1982 and 2011. Between 2008 and 2011 it was demolished and rebuilt. Currently this platform is surrounded by a stadium with capacity for 30,000 spectators and has a ramp of 225 meters and 135 meters high. This reconstruction was due to the 2011 world ski championship. The museum hosts exhibitions on the national and international history of the sport has the largest collection of skis in the world. The museum has a tour that covers no less than 4 thousand years of history of this sport and a little of the region where it is located.

  1. Astrup Fearnley Museum of Modern Art

The Astrup Fearnley Museum was built as part of the Tjuvholmen Icon Complex (2006-2012) and was designed by Renzo Piano Building Workshop in collaboration with Narud-Stokke-Wiig. The project is in a wonderful position at the outermost point where the city extends to the Fjord; It is a great refuge for art on three buildings integrated into the landscape, the natural destination of the promenade from the Town Hall along the dock of the port.

Oslo's Complete Guide and the Best Places to Visit
  1. University of Oslo Natural History Museum

The Museum of Natural History of the University of Oslo is the largest and oldest natural history museum in Norway,located in the city of Oslo. Its origins are linked to the Botanical Garden of The BotanicCenter of the City, founded near the residential area of Theyen in 1814. Several museums of zoology, botany and geology were added to the area where the garden was located about a century later, when the campus of the University of Oslo, located in the center of the city, was too small to be able to house them; an idea whose greatest proponents were Waldemar Christopher Bregger and Nordal Wille. For most of the twentieth century, museums and the botanical garden were organized into five different entities; however, on 1 August 1999 these were merged into a single museum complex, the current name of which dates back to 2005

What can't you miss on your visit to Oslo?

Undoubtedly the Oslo Fjord and here I leave you a little of its history.

The fjord was the scene of a key event in the German invasion of Norway in 1940. The invasion included a planned landing of a thousand troops transported by ship to Oslo. Colonel Eriksen,commander of the fortress of Oscarsborg near the town of Drsbak,maintained mainly for historical purposes, sank the German heavy cruiser Blocher into the straits of Dr.b.K.

Resistance of the fortress blocked the route to Oslo, thus delaying the rest of the group for long enough for the royal family, government, parliament and national treasury to be evacuated. The result was that Norway never surrendered to the Germans, leaving Quisling’s government illegitimate and allowing Norway to participate as an ally in the war, rather than as a conquered nation.

Oslo's Complete Guide and the Best Places to Visit

Conclusions

Still have any doubts that you have to travel to Oslo immediately?

I hope you have been crazy to visit the Norwegian capital after knowing my 10 reasons to love this cosmopolitan city, full of life and culture. See you on the blog!